When it is Disliked to Give Salaam

Ash Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Qawee al Mardaaee stated in Mandhoomat al-Adab:

  • It is disliked to extend the Salaam to the one who is occupied with Dhikr, Quran or the Speech of Muhammad (saw).
  • The one delivering a sermon, a lesson and those engaged in knowledge based research or preaching to benefit the adherers to monotheism.
  • Likewise, the one who is reviewing Fiqh, as well as the caller for the prayer, and one who is praying as well as the one who is engaged in purification to perform an act of worship.
  • Do not speak to the one who is eating or using the bathroom.

Ash Shaykh Saaleh al Fawzaan– may Allah preserve him – comments:

These are the instances where extending the Salaam is disliked;

The First: It is disliked to extend the Salaam to someone who is speaking, because he is occupied with speaking to someone else.

The Second: “One who is busy with Dhikr (verbal remembrance of Allah)” such as Tasbeeh (SubhanAllah), Tahleel (La Ilaha Ilallah) and the recital of the Qur’an.

The Third: One who is busy with the speech (Hadeeth) of Muhammad (saw).

The Fourth: Extending the Salaam to one who is giving a Khutbah (a public speech), with the exception of the Jum’ah (Friday) Khutbah, for it is prohibited to speak during it; it is prohibited to extend the Salaam to the Khateeb or those attending the Jum’ah prayer, this is not permissible.”

The Fifth: “and a person giving a lesson” one who is giving a lesson in Qur’an, Hadeeth, Fiqh or Arabic grammar, do not extend the Salaam to the teacher. Some people come to a circle of knowledge while the class is being taught and extend the Salaam with a raised voice. This is disliked, because it distracts the teacher and those sitting and listening, as they would now give their attention to the new comer.

The Sixth: “those who are engaged in knowledge based research” One who is researching a specific knowledge based issue, do not extend the Salaam to him and interrupt his research.

The Seventh: “one who is preaching” Whoever is delivering a sermon to people, do not extend the Salaam to him. If you arrive, sit and listen to the sermon, do not extend the Salaam because you will distract the one giving the sermon as well as the listeners.

The Eighth: “One who is reviewing Fiqh”; the one who is studying Fiqh.

The Ninth: “The Mu-adhin” If he is calling to the prayer do not extend the Salaam to him because you will interrupt the Adhaan for him.

The Tenth: “one who is praying” If you arrive and there is a person praying, do not extend the Salaam to him until he finishes his prayer.

It is narrated that one of the companions extended the Salaam to the Prophet (saw) while he was praying, and he responded by indicating with his hand. So, if a person extends the Salaam to you while you are praying, then respond by indication with your hand.

The Eleventh: “one who is engaged in purification” Do not extend the Salaam to one who is performing ablution until he is done.

As for the one who is bathing without the intention for ‘Ibaadah (i.e. performing Ghusl), such as the one bathing to cool down or for cleanliness, then there is no problem with extending the Salaam.

The Twelfth: Likewise, it is not legislated to extend the Salaam to one who is eating.

The Thirteenth: “one who is using the bathroom” This is more severe; one who is defecating or urinating, do not extend the Salaam while he is relieving himself. This is because it is disliked for the person who is relieving himself to speak, so do not extend the Salaam.

Begin to act upon the above.

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Memorising the Book of Allah

Try to memorise the book of Allah.

A Shaykh once mentioned that a man would pray 10 juz in his qiyaam ul layl just to help him revise his Qur’an.

A Shaykh in Egypt finished the Qur’an in eight months. If you recite from anywhere in the Qur’an, he can carry on from that Verse!

A man started memorising the Qur’an when he was in his fifties, He memorised a few Aayahs a day and when he reached his late 70s/80s, he had memorised the entire Qur’an!

A blind Shaykh was on a journey and the people didn’t have a watch so couldn’t tell the time. The blind Shaykh told them the time. They enquired as to how he knew and he replied that they left at this time and it takes him 15 minutes to recite one juz from his memory and that he had already completed a few juz.

Memorising is not hard, it just takes discipline and sincerity.

The Reward of Leaving Even a Little Good

Ibn Abdul Barr mentions that one of the scholars saw another, who passed away, in his dream and asked him, what did Allah do with you? He replied, he forgave me for a Hadith that I narrated that spread between the people!

This is the reward for leaving just some good!

Don’t Belittle Even the Smallest Deed

They said: “If a man comes (into the masjid) and the Imam is in Sajdah, then he should (join) him in the Sajdah even though that rak’ah doesn’t count (for him).”

Some said: “Perhaps he doesn’t raise his head up from the Sajdah except that he is forgiven (due to that sajdah).!”

[Ibn Qudamah (rh)]

*Note:* Joining the Imam in his Sajdah is recommended.

Seeking Knowledge is of the Best of Actions

Statement of Ibn Hazm (may Allah be pleased with him):

“If the learned ponders how the hours he spent learning saved him from the humiliation of being dominated by the ignorant and from the distress of having no access to the facts, and how those hours provided him with the joy of discovering that which is hidden from others, he would excel in praising Allah, the exalted, full of majesty, and would be more pleased with the knowledge he has and would deepen his desire to increase his knowledge.”

Imam Shafi’ee (rh) said, “After the obligatory deeds, nothing is more beloved to Allah than studying knowledge.”

Qatada (rh) said, “A door of knowledge that a man preserves for rectifying himself and those after him is better than constant worship for a whole year”

Work on Yourself First and Foremost

Hassan was told about slaves and their being oppressed, expecting Hassan to give one of his powerful reminders. However, Hassan stayed quiet for three weeks.

Then Hassan gave some reminders about freeing the slaves. The man asked him, why did you stay quiet for 3 weeks? Hassan replied, I didn’t want to tell the people to do something and I didn’t do it myself, so I freed a slave and then I reminded others.

It’s very important that when we learn something we are doing it to benefit ourselves first and foremost. Otherwise, we will be getting weak whilst we are helping others to increase their emaan.

Changing to Help Stay Motivated

The human soul becomes bored at times so a person should change things once in a while with their ibaadah, especially if they are getting bored. For example, in Qiyaam salaah make each rak’ah different lengths by making them shorter or longer, reading different Verses of the Qur’an, making your prostrations longer, reading different du’as.

This will help keep you motivated.