Ramadaan Series {Day 18} – Actions to be Done During Ramadaan

Many think that reciting the Qur’an is just during the day when fasting, however the Prophet (saw) would meet Jibreel (as) in the night. So, try to read some Qur’an at night too.

Also, remember that if you can, even if it’s only 5 minutes, pray more after tarawih prayer. A person may pray tarawih, go home and miss out on the blessed last third of the night.

Finally, do some istighfar in the time just before Fajr as this was the practice of the Sahaaba and the righteous of the past.

Avoid Being Stingy

Don’t be stingy with money. If a person can help someone out, then they do, if they can overlook someone’s debt, then they do, if they can increase in sadaqa, then they do.

Avoid being miserly as much as possible.

The Reward of Following a Funeral Procession

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ʻalayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever attends the funeral from the house (of the deceased) [according to one report: whoever follows the funeral of a Muslim out of faith and the hope of reward] until the funeral prayer is offered will have one qeeraat, and whoever attends the funeral until the deceased is buried will have two qeeraats.” He was asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, what are the two qeeraats?” He said, “Like two huge mountains.”

(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, al-Janaa’iz, 1240)

Performing Good Deeds Within Your Capacity

A Hadith narrated by ʻAa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “A woman from the tribe of Bani Asad was sitting with me, and the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ʻalayhi wa sallam) came to my house and said, ‘Who is this?’ I said, ‘She is so-and-so; she does not sleep at night because she is engaged in prayer.’ The Prophet (sallallaahu ʻalayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Do (good) deeds within your capacity; Allaah never gets tired (of giving rewards) until you get tired (of doing good deeds).’”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Knowledge Necessitates an Increase in Worship

“It is a grave mistake for a person to gain knowledge, and not increase in worship. Ibn Kathir (rh) said, ‘I do not know of anybody in this day and age who would worship Allah more than Ibn al-Qayyim. For this reason, his knowledge remained.

Shaykhul Islam ibn Tayymiyah (rh) would sit after Fajr doing dhikr until the sun had risen high, approximately four hours.

Every student who wants his name (legacy) to remain after his demise, should worship Allah. Through your attachment and worship of Allah, He will bless your knowledge after your death accordingly. Otherwise, your knowledge will end in the grave.”

Avoid Hollow Religiosity

The hypocrites built a masaajid in the time of the Prophet (saw), yet they were exposed. Don’t be someone who lives one life at home with music, movies, bad language, a gangster type attitude and other sins, yet in front of the people in public shows a pious face. Allah will expose such a person and these sins will slip out.

Humbling Oneself

The righteous of the past have said to never meet anyone, except believing that they are better than you. If they are a sinner, then maybe they will repent and have some good in secret which you don’t know about. If they are ignorant, then maybe Allah will excuse them due to them not knowing.

In this way, a person truly humbles themselves.

Hastening Towards Good Deeds

Imam Nawawi (rh) mentions hastening to do good deeds.

Scholars mention that a person should hasten to do good deeds whilst the opportunity is there, as they mention the opportunity may be taken away and may not return again.

Remember, if one person acts upon the good you call them to or a project you are involved in, inshaa’Allah you have a world of good to look forward to in the next life!

Performing Good Deeds at All Times

One of the righteous would stay up at night and say, yaa Allah, my concern for You has annihilated all other mundane concerns.

Some have said, he who does good during the day gets rewarded during the night and he who does good during the night gets rewarded during the day.

It is also said that the noblest of all deeds is to oppose one’s desires at all times.

Leaving Something for the Sake of Allah

عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَدَعَ شَيْئًا لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَّا بَدَّلَكَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مَا هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ مِنْهُ

Abu Qatadah (ra) reported: The Prophet (saw), said, “Verily, you will never leave anything for the sake of Allah the Exalted except that Allah will replace it with something better.”

Grade: Sahih (authentic)


When it is Disliked to Give Salaam

Ash Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Qawee al Mardaaee stated in Mandhoomat al-Adab:

  • It is disliked to extend the Salaam to the one who is occupied with Dhikr, Quran or the Speech of Muhammad (saw).
  • The one delivering a sermon, a lesson and those engaged in knowledge based research or preaching to benefit the adherers to monotheism.
  • Likewise, the one who is reviewing Fiqh, as well as the caller for the prayer, and one who is praying as well as the one who is engaged in purification to perform an act of worship.
  • Do not speak to the one who is eating or using the bathroom.

Ash Shaykh Saaleh al Fawzaan– may Allah preserve him – comments:

These are the instances where extending the Salaam is disliked;

The First: It is disliked to extend the Salaam to someone who is speaking, because he is occupied with speaking to someone else.

The Second: “One who is busy with Dhikr (verbal remembrance of Allah)” such as Tasbeeh (SubhanAllah), Tahleel (La Ilaha Ilallah) and the recital of the Qur’an.

The Third: One who is busy with the speech (Hadeeth) of Muhammad (saw).

The Fourth: Extending the Salaam to one who is giving a Khutbah (a public speech), with the exception of the Jum’ah (Friday) Khutbah, for it is prohibited to speak during it; it is prohibited to extend the Salaam to the Khateeb or those attending the Jum’ah prayer, this is not permissible.”

The Fifth: “and a person giving a lesson” one who is giving a lesson in Qur’an, Hadeeth, Fiqh or Arabic grammar, do not extend the Salaam to the teacher. Some people come to a circle of knowledge while the class is being taught and extend the Salaam with a raised voice. This is disliked, because it distracts the teacher and those sitting and listening, as they would now give their attention to the new comer.

The Sixth: “those who are engaged in knowledge based research” One who is researching a specific knowledge based issue, do not extend the Salaam to him and interrupt his research.

The Seventh: “one who is preaching” Whoever is delivering a sermon to people, do not extend the Salaam to him. If you arrive, sit and listen to the sermon, do not extend the Salaam because you will distract the one giving the sermon as well as the listeners.

The Eighth: “One who is reviewing Fiqh”; the one who is studying Fiqh.

The Ninth: “The Mu-adhin” If he is calling to the prayer do not extend the Salaam to him because you will interrupt the Adhaan for him.

The Tenth: “one who is praying” If you arrive and there is a person praying, do not extend the Salaam to him until he finishes his prayer.

It is narrated that one of the companions extended the Salaam to the Prophet (saw) while he was praying, and he responded by indicating with his hand. So, if a person extends the Salaam to you while you are praying, then respond by indication with your hand.

The Eleventh: “one who is engaged in purification” Do not extend the Salaam to one who is performing ablution until he is done.

As for the one who is bathing without the intention for ‘Ibaadah (i.e. performing Ghusl), such as the one bathing to cool down or for cleanliness, then there is no problem with extending the Salaam.

The Twelfth: Likewise, it is not legislated to extend the Salaam to one who is eating.

The Thirteenth: “one who is using the bathroom” This is more severe; one who is defecating or urinating, do not extend the Salaam while he is relieving himself. This is because it is disliked for the person who is relieving himself to speak, so do not extend the Salaam.

Begin to act upon the above.

Memorising the Book of Allah

Try to memorise the book of Allah.

A Shaykh once mentioned that a man would pray 10 juz in his qiyaam ul layl just to help him revise his Qur’an.

A Shaykh in Egypt finished the Qur’an in eight months. If you recite from anywhere in the Qur’an, he can carry on from that Verse!

A man started memorising the Qur’an when he was in his fifties, He memorised a few Aayahs a day and when he reached his late 70s/80s, he had memorised the entire Qur’an!

A blind Shaykh was on a journey and the people didn’t have a watch so couldn’t tell the time. The blind Shaykh told them the time. They enquired as to how he knew and he replied that they left at this time and it takes him 15 minutes to recite one juz from his memory and that he had already completed a few juz.

Memorising is not hard, it just takes discipline and sincerity.

The Reward of Leaving Even a Little Good

Ibn Abdul Barr mentions that one of the scholars saw another, who passed away, in his dream and asked him, what did Allah do with you? He replied, he forgave me for a Hadith that I narrated that spread between the people!

This is the reward for leaving just some good!

Don’t Belittle Even the Smallest Deed

They said: “If a man comes (into the masjid) and the Imam is in Sajdah, then he should (join) him in the Sajdah even though that rak’ah doesn’t count (for him).”

Some said: “Perhaps he doesn’t raise his head up from the Sajdah except that he is forgiven (due to that sajdah).!”

[Ibn Qudamah (rh)]

*Note:* Joining the Imam in his Sajdah is recommended.

Seeking Knowledge is of the Best of Actions

Statement of Ibn Hazm (may Allah be pleased with him):

“If the learned ponders how the hours he spent learning saved him from the humiliation of being dominated by the ignorant and from the distress of having no access to the facts, and how those hours provided him with the joy of discovering that which is hidden from others, he would excel in praising Allah, the exalted, full of majesty, and would be more pleased with the knowledge he has and would deepen his desire to increase his knowledge.”

Imam Shafi’ee (rh) said, “After the obligatory deeds, nothing is more beloved to Allah than studying knowledge.”

Qatada (rh) said, “A door of knowledge that a man preserves for rectifying himself and those after him is better than constant worship for a whole year”

Work on Yourself First and Foremost

Hassan was told about slaves and their being oppressed, expecting Hassan to give one of his powerful reminders. However, Hassan stayed quiet for three weeks.

Then Hassan gave some reminders about freeing the slaves. The man asked him, why did you stay quiet for 3 weeks? Hassan replied, I didn’t want to tell the people to do something and I didn’t do it myself, so I freed a slave and then I reminded others.

It’s very important that when we learn something we are doing it to benefit ourselves first and foremost. Otherwise, we will be getting weak whilst we are helping others to increase their emaan.

Changing to Help Stay Motivated

The human soul becomes bored at times so a person should change things once in a while with their ibaadah, especially if they are getting bored. For example, in Qiyaam salaah make each rak’ah different lengths by making them shorter or longer, reading different Verses of the Qur’an, making your prostrations longer, reading different du’as.

This will help keep you motivated.

How to Deal with People

In the Hadith of Abu Bakrah (ra) in the Sahih of Imam Bukhari:

أنه انتهى إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو راكع فركع قبل أن يصل إلى الصف فذكر ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال زادك الله حرصا ولا تعد.

Abu Bakrah was so eager to join the congregational Salaah that he started and then performed rukooh before actually being in any of the sufoof. Then he, while in the bowing (rukoo) position, walked to join the sufoof, which is the incorrect manner of joining the congregation as a latecomer. The Prophet (saw) recognised his eagerness so he (saw) praised Abu Bakrah for it by making du’a for him. However, the Prophet (saw) pointed out to him that this was the incorrect manner to express his eagerness.

Imam Muslim narrates that Muawiyah b. Hakam Radi Allah anh said:

ما رأيت معلمًا قبله ولا بعده أحسن تعليماً منه.

صلوات ربي وسلامه عليه.

Look at the gentleness of the Prophet (saw). This is with the Salaah and it’s a big mistake. Yet, he (saw) didn’t shout or rebuke him, as we do with our students and young ones.

This doesn’t mean that we don’t rebuke, rather we look at each person’s situation and, where possible, we are gentle.

Qualities We Should Aspire to

One of the people of the past, when talking about Ibn al Muhayreez (rh), said that he had 2 qualities which were not found with others:

  • If there was something regarding someone’s rights, he wouldn’t keep silent regardless of who was happy or upset with him
  • He would never talk about his own qualities.

This shows that he was very balanced, as we are good in one but neglect the other.

Doing Good Deeds

Ibn Hajr (rh) mentions that it’s better to do good deeds in secret. However, if a person wants to encourage someone to do an action, then there’s no harm in showing them, as long as there’s no Riya.

The Importance of Communication

The Prophet (saw) was never one to not reply to the people or not answer them when it was needed. Communication was extremely important as can be seen all throughout the Seerah. So, let’s follow the Prophet (saw) in all aspects of our lives.

Weightiness of Doing Obligatory Actions

Some of the people of the past would say that it’s more beloved for us to feed poor Muslims than to do Hajj every year.

This shows the weightiness of doing obligatory actions!

Who Are the Awliyaah of Allah?

Al Shafi’ee (rh) said that the Awliyaah of Allah are the fuqahaa.

And in another statement, if the fuqahaa that act upon their knowledge are not the Awliyaah of Allah, then Allah doesn’t have Awliyaah.

SubhanAllah, this is the level of the fuqahaa, meaning the scholars of Fiqh.

Making A Lofty Intention and Then Taking Action

Make the intention to be a master in all of the Islamic sciences insha’Allah! It’s possible. There are some in our times who are aiming for it and we can join them too!

The path is long but it’s possible! It can’t be stressed enough the reading of books of Hadith to increase one’s emaan, even with very basic sharh (commentary) as the Hadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) mentions, the one hearing may understand better than the one who says it!

Actions Are What Matter

Just because a person has a lot of knowledge or they speak Arabic doesn’t mean they are superior. Rather it’s the action which results from this as Imam al Shafi’ee (rh) said, the effects of a person’s knowledge can be seen in his silence. And others mentioned it should increase his fear of Allah and his humility.

If you see someone joking excessively or talking about things that don’t concern him or backbiting others then know this person’s Ilm has not benefitted them even if he’s studied a thousand books.

Work Hard By Doing Good Deeds Before Death

One of the people of the past was dying on his death bed and he seemed extremely worried so they asked him, what is this? He said, I’m about to travel a path which I’ve never travelled before!

Another was asked the same thing and he replied, I’m fearful of death and my arrival to Allah!

Another was asked how are you feeling whilst on his death bed and he replied, by Allah, I’m closer to the life of the Hereafter than the life of this world! Whosoever of you can work hard by doing good deeds then do so before you reach where I am!

Increase Your Actions

Fill every second with the remembrance of Allah! If you are seeking knowledge and there is no increase in your actions then check your intention. There’s a defect somewhere.

As one of the people of the past said, I do not want to be a donkey taking care of errands all day long while death is approaching me.

Not that a person can’t get rewarded for doing errands and so on but we need time for all acts of worship.

Knowledge Is Action In Everything

A man came to Al Awzaee, and was angry with him and was swearing at him, and he stayed silent. When the man left, he was asked why he didn’t reply and he said, and why else have we learnt knowledge.

Meaning Ilm is action in everything, even controlling one’s anger!