The word او which is translated as “or” in the English language can have three meanings:
ادراك بمعنى بل realisation
So, in the Hadith of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم
كن في الدنياء كأنك غريب او عابر السبيل
the او here doesn’t mean “or” rather it means a realisation. For example, when you say something then realise there’s something else better than it.
َقَالَ عَلِيٌّ حَدِّثُوا النَّاسَ بِمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَتُحِبُّونَ أَنْ يُكَذَّبَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ
In Sahih al Bukhari, Ali (ra) mentioned speaking to the people about what they understand. Would you like for Allah and His Messenger to be rejected?
Based on this, Ahmad (rh) would dislike talking about revolting against the rulers, Maalik (rh) would dislike talking about certain topics in detail and even some of the Sahaaba would refrain from mentioning certain things.
What We Learn:
- Just because you learnt something doesn’t mean you have to tell everyone. This is not considered withholding knowledge, rather you are protecting othes from that which they don’t understand.
- Be careful what you say and to whome.
- It shows a lack of wisdom and could even be a disease that a person starts mentioning strange things or things rarely mentioned in front of the people and the people become confused.
- It could be showing off.
And Allah Knows Best.
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “When the day of Friday arrives there are angels upon the door of every mosque to record those who arrive in order and when the Imam sits to deliver the sermon they close their scrolls and come to listen to the remembrance. The example of one who arrives earliest is like one who offers a fine camel, then the next is like one who offers a cow, then the next is like one who offers a ram, then the next is like one who offers a chicken, then the next is like one who offers an egg.”
(Sahih Bukhari 887, Sahih Muslim 850)
What is meant here by the sitting of the Imam?
The narration refers to the Imam coming in at the beginning, meaning the start of the khutbah as suggested and explained by Imaam al Maawardi (rh) and Allah Knows Best.
The narration about the Prophet (saw) counting Tasbih on his right hand… [Reported by Abu Dawud]
The extra wording “his right hand” is weak as it was singularly narrated by Muhammad b. Qudāmah and he opposed the other Huffadh (reliable narrators) that narrated this hadith without the extra addition.
Based on this, a person can count his Tasbih on his right and left hand.
– Sh. Bakr Abu Zayd (r)
In a narration mentioned by khateeb al Baghdadi (Rahimahullah), it said لتطفوا with the people of ilm. This word means many things. From them are the following:
- To be gentle with the people of ilm
- To speak to them gently
- To not annoy them. For example, to not constantly ask them questions. Not asking them a question when they are tired or busy
- Spending on them
- Helping them whenever and wherever possible. For example, one Sheikh we know has translated and put something together over 4-5 years!
- To be patient with them.
This is just a small amount of khidma we should be doing for the people described in such honourable ways.
What we can learn from this Hadith?
On the authority of Abu Hurairah (ra), who said that the Messenger of Allah (may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:
‘Allah the Exalted has said: ‘I will declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved thing with which My slave comes nearer to Me is what I have enjoined upon him; and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil prayer (or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him. When I love him I become his hearing with which he hears, his seeing with which he sees, his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks (something) from Me, I give him, and if he asks My Protection (refuge), I protect him.”
One of the main things to take is that a person needs to be on point with their obligatory acts.
It doesn’t matter how many optional acts one does if their obligatory ones aren’t on point.
For example, a person prays the whole night in qiyaam and then misses Fajr.
This is one of the 6 steps of Shaytaan.
A scholar of the past reports in his tafseer that Umar (ra) said, whoever takes care of his relationship with Allah in secret, Allah will take care of his open affairs (like relationship with the people etc).