When the Doer of the Verb Is Unknown

الفعل للمجهول او المبني للمجهول when the doer of the verb is unknown. It is used for four reasons according to the scholars of the language:

  • للعلم- We already know who the doer is. For example, خلق آدم من طين Adam (as) was created from mud.
  • للجهل- We don’t know who did the action.
  • للخوف- We are scared of the one who did the action, so we don’t mention his name.
  • للخوف على الفاعل – He’s not mentioned out of fear of the doer himself.