Ramadaan Series {Day 6} – Praying Salaah on Time

When the Prophet (saw) was asked what the MOST beloved action to Allah was, he (saw) would consistently answer, “Prayer performed on time.” (Bukhari, Nasaai).

Allah (Subhanahu wa ta’ala) describes the later generations of Bani Israeel as having “Lost the prayer” because they stopped praying on time.

Allah says:

But there came after them successors who neglected prayer and pursued desires; so, they are going to meet evil –

(19:59)

This led them to pursue their evil empty desires and meet destruction in the Hereafter.

When one has no desire or longing to remember their Lord, they stand at the end of the time of prayer with laziness just to get it over with. This is how Allah describes the hypocrites.

Allah says:

Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little,

(4:142)

Let’s train ourselves to pray our salaah on time within the time frame insha’Allah.

Ramadan is the time to establish good habits and what better habit can you start than the one that is most beloved to Allah!

The Reward for Praying ‘Isha and Fajr in the Mosque

‘Uthman bin `Affan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “One who performs `Isha’ prayer in congregation, is as if he has performed Salaah for half of the night. And one who performs the Fajr prayer in congregation, is as if he has performed Salaah the whole night.”

{Muslim}

The Importance of Praying Salaah in the Masaajid

It was narrated that Ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said: Whoever would like to meet Allah tomorrow as a Muslim, let him regularly perform these prayers when the call for them is given, for they are among the ways of guidance. Allah has prescribed for your Prophet ways of guidance, and if you pray in your homes, as the one who stays away from the prayers prays in his home, then you will have abandoned the way of your Prophet, and if you abandon the way of your Prophet you will go astray.

There is no man who purifies himself and does it well, then he goes to one of these mosques, but for every step he takes Allah will record for him one hasanah (good deed) and will raise him thereby one degree in status and will erase for him one sayi’ah (bad deed). I saw us (at the time of the Prophet (saw)) and no one stayed behind from these prayers except a hypocrite who was known for his hypocrisy. A man would come supported by two others so that he could stand in the row.

Falling Behind in the Prayer Rows

From Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri: The Messenger of Allaah (saw) saw some of his companions falling back (in the rows for prayer) and said to them: “Come forward and follow me (in prayer) and let those who come after you follow you. People will persist in falling back until Allaah puts them back.”

(Muslim)

Some Ulema have said that this means if you are late for salaah and are always in the last rows, you’ll start falling behind in many good actions!

Concentration in Salaah

If you are finding that you are unable to concentrate during the prayer, then this is usually due to a sin you’re doing outside the of the salaah. It is most likely not lowering the gaze.

Attaching Importance to the Salaah

If someone can’t take care of their salaah, they won’t be able to take care of anything.

The status of the prayer in a person’s heart shows how much he loves Allah.

The Reward for Praying Isha and Fajr in the Musjid

It is narrated from ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays ‘Isha’ in congregation, it is as if he spent half the night in prayer, and whoever prays Fajr in congregation, it is as if he spent the whole night in prayer.”

[Saheeh Muslim (656)]

The Blessings of Going to Pray in Congregation

Abu Hurayrah (ra) narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “When he enters the mosque, he is in a state of prayer so long as the prayer is what is keeping him there, and the angels send blessings on any one of you so long as he remains in the place where he prayed, saying, ‘O Allaah, forgive him, O Allaah, have mercy on him…’”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (477) and Muslim (649)

Coming Early to the Congregational Prayer

Arriving early to the congregational prayers and being keen to be one of the first ones there is a sign of respect and eagerness for the prayer, and it is also indicative of a person’s righteousness, religious commitment and piety.

Sufyaan al-Thawri (rh) said: Your coming to the prayer before the iqaamah is a sign of respect for the prayer.

Fath al-Baari (3/533)

Ibraaheem al-Taymi (rh) said: If you see a man being careless about the first takbeer, then wash your hands of him. End quote.

Siyar A’laam al-Nubala’ (5/84)

Wakee’ ibn al-Jarraah (rh) used to say: Whoever does not catch up with the first takbeer, do not hope for any good from him.

Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan (3/74)

Some of the people of the past regarded coming to the mosque after the adhaan as a shortcoming, and that it was better to go to the mosque before the call to prayer.

Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah (rh) said:

Do not be like the bad slave who does not come until he is called. Come to prayer before the call is given.

Al-Tabsirah by Ibn al-Jawzi (131)

Try Your Best to Pray in the Front Rows

The following Hadeeth was narrated by Muslim (438) from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri: that the Messenger of Allaah (saw) saw some of his (saw) Companions falling back (in the rows for prayer) and he (saw) said to them: “Come forward and follow me (in prayer) and let those who come after you follow you. People will persist in falling back until Allaah puts them back.”

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (ra) said concerning the meaning of this Hadeeth:

There is a fear that if a person gets used to falling back in worship, he will be punished by Allaah by putting him back with regard to all good things.

From Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 13/54

Al-Shawkaani (rh) said in Nayl al-Awtaar:

It was said that this is about the hypocrites, but the apparent meaning is that it is general and refers both to them and to others, and that it encourages worshippers to be keen to be in the front row and to put them off hanging back from the front row.

How to Build A Strong Relationship with Allah

If someone’s ibaadah is weak, then it doesn’t matter how much knowledge they possess, their relationship with Allah will be weak and their da’wah will be weak!

A Benefit of Praying Duha Salaah

The Prophet (saw) said: “Your Lord said: ‘O son of Adam, pray for Me four rak`ats at the beginning of the day and I shall take care of your needs the rest of it.'” Narrated from Nu`aym ibn Hammar by Abu Dawud, Ahmad, and al-Darimi; and from Abu Dharr or Abu al-Darda’ by al-Tirmidhi (Hasan Gharib).

Some scholars have authenticated this narration and it is referring to Duha salaah.

When to Pray the Witr Prayer

Ibn Hazm (rh) said in al-Muhalla, 2/92, 93:

Witr at the end of the night is better, but whoever prays Witr at the beginning of the night, that is fine. It is permissible to pray after Witr but one should not repeat Witr.

Al-Nawawi (rh) said in al-Majmoo, 3/512:

If a person prays Witr, then he wants to offer a naafil prayer and so on at night, that is permissible and is not makrooh, but he should not repeat the Witr.

What Time Is The Beginning of The Last Third of The Night?

You count the amount of hours from the start of Maghrib to the start of Fajr and divide by 3. Whatever the answer, for example 4 hours, means 4 hours before the start of Fajr is the last third of the night.

This will vary throughout the year / seasons so calculate accordingly.

Praying Your Duha Salaah

Try to make duha salaah regular as the stronger your Ibaadah becomes, the more powerful your da’wah will become. The people of the past were amazing scholars and worshippers of Allah too without leaving out or choosing one or the other.

The 5 Prohibited Times Prayer Isn’t Allowed

  1. After the fard of Fajr till the rising of the Sun
  2. At the time of the rising of the Sun until it has completely risen
  3. When the Sun reaches its zenith (roughly 10-15 minutes before Zuhr)
  4. After the fard of Asr until the Sun sets
  5. When the Sun has completely set.

Looking Your Best For Prayer

Anas (ra) mentioned Tamim al Dari bought an expensive garment just for the musjid for the prayer. And he also had an expensive garment just for tahajjud!

So it’s shocking to see people wearing pajamas and praying! Especially people who are supposed to be students. Some of the ulema say this is a deficiency in emaan.

We also learn that we should have a portion of the night prayer. Even if it’s straight after esha and just 2 Rak’ahs. A student not having a portion of the night prayer is unheard of.

Praying Esha and Fajr In The Mosque

Abdullah Ibn Umar (ra) would say, if we didn’t see someone in the Musjid for esha and fajr we would think he’s from the hypocrites.

Unless he oversleeps or lives far and so on of course.

The Reward For Praying Salaatul Duha

The reward is to the effect that each bone has sadaqa due on it every day and praying 2 Rak’ah suffices that!

It’s time is from 15-20 minutes after sunrise until zawwal time.

Try to pray at least 2. It’s narrated the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم prayed more.

Leaving the Salaah

A scholar from the past said in the Hadith book of al Tirmidhi, the Sahaaba didn’t agree that leaving any act was disbelief apart from leaving the salaah. And in the books of jurisprudence they mention that the one who doesn’t pray has left Islam.

There are no excuses for leaving the prayer, not work, not sickness, not travelling, not even things like war. Allah has legislated something for every hardship which means it must be prayed on time.

Umar (ra) was on his deathbed after having been stabbed and he was unconscious. One of the Sahaaba came in and said the prayer the prayer, as it was prayer time! This awoke him from his unconsciousness and he said, the prayer! There is no portion in Islam  for the one that has left the prayer!

And the evidences for this are too many to list. It doesn’t matter if a person is working to earn for his family, or gives charity in the millions or fasts every single day if he is not praying.

If you are struggling, pray just the obligatory prayers, on time.

Along with this, the person must pray on time, know how to pray, what breaks the prayer and anything linked to the prayer like wudoo and so on.

But as for leaving it totally, then this shows what a person thinks of Allah, the One who ordained the Prophet (saw) to ascend to Jannah and meet Him and then Decreed the prayer whereas everything else was revealed via Jibreel and sent down to earth including Hajj, fasting, zakaah and so on.

The Virtues of Jummu’ah Prayer

A scholar of the past said, after quoting the ahaadeeth which speak of the virtues of Jummu’ah prayer:

What we have quoted, when taken all together, indicates that the expiation of sins from one Friday to the next is subject to all the conditions mentioned above being met, namely doing ghusl, cleaning oneself, putting on perfume, wearing one’s best clothes, walking in a calm and dignified manner, not stepping over people, not pushing between two people, not offending others, praying naafil prayers, listening attentively and avoiding idle speech.

Sunan of Jummu’ah Prayer

What are some of the Sunan of Jummu’ah (Friday)?

  1. To shower on the day of Jummu’ah if you are going to the musjid to pray
  2. To not talk from when the khutbah begins
  3. To read Surah Khaf
  4. Using the Miswaak
  5. Wearing atar
  6. Beautifying oneself with clean clothes. The Prophet (saw) was very particular with cleanliness. If his clothes smelt even slightly, he would change them and would smell of atar. He would also use the miswaak a lot.
  7. Going to the musjid early
  8. Sitting quietly and listening attentively to the khutba. So much to the point that the scholars have said one doesn’t need to respond to salaah which is usually waajib!
  9. Praying 4 Sunnah in the musjid or two at home after the fard.
  10. Sending lots and lots of salaat and salaam upon the Prophet (saw) as he mentioned in authentic narrations.
  11. Making du’a in the last half an hour or so before Maghrib which is a time du’a is accepted so supplicate profusely in that time. This is specific to Jummu’ah.

Allah knows best

Salman al-Farisi narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said:

لَا يَغْتَسِلُ رَجُلٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَيَتَطَهَّرُ مَا اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْ طُهْرٍ وَيَدَّهِنُ مِنْ دُهْنِهِ أَوْ يَمَسُّ مِنْ طِيبِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ فَلَا يُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي مَا كُتِبَ لَهُ ثُمَّ يُنْصِتُ إِذَا تَكَلَّمَ الْإِمَامُ إِلَّا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ الْأُخْرَى

“If a man takes a bath on Friday, and purifies himself as much as possible, oils his hair, applies whatever perfume available in his house, sets forth (for the mosque), does not separate two people (to make a seat for himself), performs Salat what is prescribed for him, remains silent when the Imam speaks, his sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari)

According to the authentic narration of Aws b. Aws reported by Ahmad and Abu Dawud, the Messenger of Allah (saw), said:

مَنْ اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَغَسَّلَ ، وَبَكَّرَ وَابْتَكَرَ ، وَدَنَا وَاسْتَمَعَ وَأَنْصَتَ ، كَانَ لَهُ بِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ يَخْطُوهَا أَجْرُ سَنَةٍ صِيَامُهَا وَقِيَامُهَا

“Whoever does ghusl on Friday and washes his head, and sets out early, and comes close to the imam and listens and keeps quiet, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.”

Mind blowing narrations. The second is for those that are married and have relations with their wives as mentioned by many scholars.

It is said in Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/285:

“Causes (his wife) to do ghusl” means has intercourse with his wife. This is is how it was interpreted by Wakee’.

What about du’a made between the two khutbas?

Some of the ulema have accepted this as one of the accepted times for du’as on Fridays.