What is better, to recite Qur’an more or recite less but with more contemplation?
To summarise a long topic, there is a difference of opinion in this. There are 2 views on Imam Ahmad (rh) himself.
Ibn Rajab (rh) combines by saying the people of the past would have two wirds:
- One for contemplation.
- One for reciting and getting the reward for each letter.
So in this case, what do we do where it says the Prophet (saw) did one thing sometimes and other times he did something else?
We should try doing both, first doing the Sunnah the Prophet (saw) did the most and then the other Sunnah.
Both can be done at different times and this is the view of Sheikh ul Islam.
For example, there are many authentic narrations about what to recite at the beginning of the prayer, we can recite them at different times.
It’s very important that we look at the Qur’an as a series of messages from a beloved one which we don’t understand. If it was someone we loved we would go to any lengths to decipher it and understand it! We should have the same mentality with the Speech of Allah!
- Recite it
- Memorise it
- Acting upon it is the most important. The rest help in this and if a person can’t do any of the others then do this
- Understand it via word for word English.
- Word definitions in Arabic (Arabic to Arabic definitions)
- Uloom of the Qur’an which contains information about it
- Asbaab al Nuzool (This isn’t very important as there’s much khilaaf in it, however, it is interesting to know)
- Naasikh and Mansookh
- Tafseer of it
- I’raab of it
- Tajweed and perfection of its recitation
- Tadabbur upon it.
This is when a person becomes a truth hafidh; acting upon it. Otherwise a person who has memorised it and no action is a haamil al Qur’an; someone who is just carrying it around.
مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا بِئْسَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ
“The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurat (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practise its legal laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey who carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example (or the likeness) of people who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah. And Allah guides not the people who are Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers, etc.).
Remember to have a set portion of Qur’an to recite daily.
Try to read Surah Baqarah at least once a week in your homes.
« اقْرَأُوا الْبَقَرَةَ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة»
(Read Al-Baqarah, because in having it there is blessing, and in ignoring there is a sorrow and the sorceresses cannot memorize it).
Also, Imam Muslim narrated this Hadith in the Book of Prayer.
A scholar said, Allah tells us lots of stories in the Qur’an so the last parts of this Ummah are able to emulate the first parts of the Ummah.
It was not known that the Sahaaba would take longer than 10 or so days for their completion of the Qur’an. Some of the scholars have said it should take no longer than 40 days for every completion of the Qur’an, especially for a student!
مفاتيح تدبر القرآن الكريم :
المفتاح الأول : حب القرآن و استشعار فضله و عظيم مكانته
المفتاح الثاني: إخلاص النية في القراءة و تجريدها لله عز و جل
المفتاح الثالث : معرفة معاني الآيات و ربط الألفاظ بالمعاني
المفتاح الرابع : تكرار الآيات و الوقوف عن عظاتها
المفتاح الخامس: المواظبة على ورد دآئم
المفتاح السادس: القراءة بهدوء و خشوع و استحضار قلب و خلو ذهن
المفتاح السابع: الجهر بالقرآءة
المفتاح الثامن: الترتيل و تحسين الصوت
المفتاح التاسع: دعاء الله عز و جل و طلبه تدبر القرآن و تفهم معانيه
المفتاح العاشر: قرآءة القرآن في قيام الليل