وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ – 51:18
“And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness,”
Ibn Katheer (rh) mentioned that some would use this Aayah to show the merits of seeking forgiveness just before the start of Fajr time until Fajr time actually starts.
Imaam Qurtubi (rh) said al Hasan al Basri from the pious people of the past said the “it” means seeking forgiveness for one’s sins.
The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?’”
[Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Try to be from those that take advantage of this time, even if it’s only 5 minutes before Fajr! And success is from Allah alone!
- Keep us steadfast upon the religion
- Increase us in guidance
- Make us be guided
- Let us follow what You have commanded and avoid what You have forbidden
- Guidance for past, present and the future
- Guidance upon the siraat in the next life
Guidance comes with knowledge. This entails having ilm (knowledge) first and then acting upon it
Use these to ponder in the salaah!
و أما بنعمت ربك فحدث ١١الضحى
This Verse mentions that we should mention our blessings. The scholars of tafseer mention that for the Prophet (saw) this would mean talking about the Qur’an.
As for us, Zamakshari mentions in al Kashaaf that staying silent about blessings and concealing them is better, as this can lead to fear of riyaa and sum’ah (seeking doing actions and telling people about them to gain their praise).
He mentions that a person might be able to mention blessings of his to help others or teach others but again, he doesn’t need to mention that he does that action or about himself!
Tafseer in the language means to uncover something
Tafseer in the Shari’ah means explaining the Quran.
There are 5 different types of tafseer:
- Qur’an by the Qur’an
- Explanation by the Prophet (saw)
- Explanation by the Sahaabah
- Explanation by the students of the Sahaabah
- By the Arabic language.
Tadabbur means to ponder. Pondering over the signs of Allah such as the Moon and pondering over the Verses of the Qur’an.
يوم نحشر المتقين الى الرحمن وفدا
Some of the ulama mention that on the Last Day, when people are resurrected , a person will greet the pious man with a beautiful face and smell. The pious man will ask, who are you? The beautiful man will reply, I am your good deeds; I rode on you in the dunya and now you will ride on me in the Aakhirah. The pious man will climb on the back of this beautiful man, who is his good deeds, and he will take him all the way to Jannah.
The scholars have said that people will either be walking on their faces, normally on their feet or those that never touch the ground! They are on mounts and carried from one stage of the aakhirah to the next!
So, وفدا here means on mounts.
Ali (ra) said that they will be on mounts unseen and mounts covered in gold until they knock on the gates of Jannah.
May Allah make us from those that are on mounts in the Aakhirah!!
وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allah’s Religion – Islamic Monotheism). And verily, Allah is with the Muhsinun (good doers).”
A very powerful Verse. Some of them said it means those that strive against their desires, by constantly repenting and due to this Allah will guide them to ikhlaas.
Some said it means if a person acts upon that which he has learned, Allah will teach him that which he didn’t know.
(وَلَٰكِن كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ (آل عمران : 79
والرباني الذي يربي الناس بصغار العلم قبل كباره ; وكأنه يقتدي بالرب سبحانه في تيسير الأمور ; روي معناه عن ابن عباس
Allah says in the Verse, be rabaaniyoon. Ibn Abbas (ra) and others said this is teaching the small parts of knowledge before the big parts. This was mentioned in tafseer al Qurtubi.
May Allah make us from them!