وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ – 51:18
“And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness,”
Ibn Katheer (rh) mentioned that some would use this Aayah to show the merits of seeking forgiveness just before the start of Fajr time until Fajr time actually starts.
Imaam Qurtubi (rh) said al Hasan al Basri from the pious people of the past said the “it” means seeking forgiveness for one’s sins.
The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?’”
[Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Try to be from those that take advantage of this time, even if it’s only 5 minutes before Fajr! And success is from Allah alone!
وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ
As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allah’s Religion – Islamic Monotheism). And verily, Allah is with the Muhsinun (good doers).”
A very powerful Verse. Some of them said it means those that strive against their desires, by constantly repenting and due to this Allah will guide them to ikhlaas.
Some said it means if a person acts upon that which he has learned, Allah will teach him that which he didn’t know.
(وَلَٰكِن كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ (آل عمران : 79
والرباني الذي يربي الناس بصغار العلم قبل كباره ; وكأنه يقتدي بالرب سبحانه في تيسير الأمور ; روي معناه عن ابن عباس
Allah says in the Verse, be rabaaniyoon. Ibn Abbas (ra) and others said this is teaching the small parts of knowledge before the big parts. This was mentioned in tafseer al Qurtubi.
May Allah make us from them!
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا سَوْفَ نُصْلِيهِمْ نَارًا كُلَّمَا نَضِجَتْ جُلُودُهُم بَدَّلْنَاهُمْ جُلُودًا غَيْرَهَا لِيَذُوقُوا الْعَذَابَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا
Surely! Those who disbelieved in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) We shall burn them in Fire. As often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for other skins that they may taste the punishment. Truly, Allah is Ever Most Powerful, All-Wise.
Some of the people of the past said in tafseer of this aayah that the skin of the son of Aadam (as) will be burnt and renewed 6,000 times a day.
يوم نحشر المتقين الى الرحمن وفدا
Some of the ulema mention that on the Last Day, when people are resurrected, a person will greet the pious man and he will have a beautiful face and smell. The pious man will ask, who are you? The man will reply, I am your good deeds. I rode on you in the dunya, now you will ride on me in the aakhirah. He will climb on the back of this man, who is his good deeds, and he will take him all the way to Jannah.
The scholars said people will either be walking on their faces, normally on their feet and those that never touch the ground! They are on mounts and carried from one stage of the aakhirah to the next!
So وفدا here means on mounts.
Ali (ra) said, they will be on mounts unseen, mounts covered in gold until they knock on the gates of Jannah.
May Allah make us from those that are on mounts in the aakhirah!!