Ramadaan Series {Day 22} – Signs of Laylatul Qadr

“I asked Ubayy ibn Ka`b, saying: Your brother Ibn Mas`ood says: Whoever stands in (Night) Prayer throughout the whole year will attain Laylatul-Qadr (The Night of Decree). So, he said: “May Allaah have mercy upon him! He intended that the people should not just rely (upon a single night). Indeed, he knew that it was in Ramadaan; and that it is in the last ten; and that it was the twenty seventh night.” Then he swore an oath, without exception that it was the twenty seventh night.” So, I said:” O Abul-Mundhir! Upon what basis do you say that?” He said: “Based upon the sign which Allaah’s Messenger (saw) informed us of: that it [i.e. the sun] will rise on that day having no rays.”

Imaam an-Nawawee (rh) said in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim: “…al-Qaadee `Iyaad said:

It is said that the meaning of its having no rays is that this was just a distinctive sign which Allaah -the Most High – made for it [that year]. He said: Or it is otherwise said: Rather it is on account of the great number of Angels coming and going on its night; and their descending to the earth, and their ascending, with that which they descended with. So, their wings and their subtle/ethereal bodies screen the light of the sun and its rays, and Allaah knows best.”

Imaam Aboo Daawood (rh) reported the hadeeth (The Book of the Prayer: Chapter 319: What occurs regarding the Night of Decree), (no. 1378), with the wording:

“…On the morning following that night the sun enters the morning like a brass dish, having no rays, until it has risen higher.”

[Declared “hasan saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah.]

Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah (rh) reported in his Saheeh (no. 2192): “Bundaar narrated to us: Aboo `Aamir narrated to me: Zam`ah narrated to us: from Salamah – he is Ibn Wahraam-: from `Ikrimah: from Ibn `Abbaas: from the Prophet (saw) that he said regarding the Night of Decree:

“It is a pleasant night, being neither hot nor cold. The sun enters the morning of its day being red and weak.”

Some narrations mention that Laylatul Qadr is like pure and glowing as if there was a bright Moon as mentioned by Ibn Katheer (rh) as mentioned in his tafseer and Allah Knows best.

Ramadaan Series {Day 21} – When Is Laylatul Qadr?

What do we say about which night Laylatul Qadr is?

Laylatul Qadr can be in any of the last 10 nights of Ramadan. Even more specific than that, it can be in the odd numbered nights.

Ubayy Ibn Ka’b (ra) from the Sahaabah swore by Allah that it’s on the 27th night and this is in the saheeh. This is why people emphasis this night.

Can there be a variable? Is it based on the lunar calendar?

The Islamic month (lunar calendar) is 29 or 30 days. After the 30th day it is automatically the next month.

So, when it says the “odd nights” that’s put into context by sheikh ul Islam (rh). His view to combine between why the Sahaabah mentioned so many different nights is that:

It changes every year

In addition –

We don’t know if the month will be 29/30 days! So, in reality it’s any of the last ten nights.

Ibn Hajr (rh) mentions a large amount of views in fath ul Bari on when it could be and sheikh ul Islam’s view seems strong.

Allah Knows Best

Ramadaan Series {Day 20} – Bathing and Beautifying Yourself in The Last 10 Nights of Ramadaan

Ibn Jarīr al-Tabari mentioned people of the past who used to encourage bathing every night in the last ten nights of Ramadan, and Ibrāhīm al-Nakha’i was among those who bathed every night. Others used to bathe on those nights which they expected was laylat’l-qadr.

It was reported that Anas b. Mālik (ra) would bathe, apply perfume and dress in his finest on the night of the 24th of Ramadan and every night. Ayyūb al-Sukhtiyāni would bathe on the nights of the 23rd and 24th and wear new clothes for these nights and fragrance himself with incense.

It was also transmitted that Thābit al-Banāni and Hamid al-Tawil would dress in their best and apply fragrance during these ten nights.

Tamīm al-Dāri bought a cloak for one thousand dirhams to adorn himself with on the nights he hoped laylat’l-qadr might fall.

Ramadaan Series {Day 19} – Overeating During Iftar

“…One should not overeat while breaking the fast to the point that he fills his stomach, as there isn’t any container that Allah hates more than a full stomach. How can one benefit from fasting and subdue this enemy and break this desire if he breaks his fast by making up for it through eating everything that he missed out on during the day?

In fact, some even eat more than they usually would during the day! This habit has continued to the point that so many types of food are prepared for Ramadan that more food is eaten in this month than in any other month.

It is known that the whole point of fasting is discipline and to break one’s desire in order to strengthen the soul with taqwa. So, if you prevent your digestive system from food all day long until night such that its desire and longing for food goes wild, and you then feed it what it wants until it is fully satisfied, this will only increase its desire and multiply its energy, and it will manifest a longing that wouldn’t have been there had it been left to its usual intake.

So, the essence and secret of fasting is to weaken this energy that provides means for Satan to pull you towards what is bad, and this can’t happen unless you reduce your food intake. When you break your fast, eat only what you would normally eat at that specific time when not fasting.

But to break your fast by combining the amount you would’ve eaten during the day with the amount you usually eat at night will leave you having gained nothing at all from your fast.

In fact, from the etiquette of fasting is to not sleep much during the day in order to feel the hunger and thirst, and in order to weaken this energy. This will clean out the heart and keep this energy weakened every night so that it will be easier to pray at night and do your sets of Qur’an recitation and dhikr of Allah.

Maybe this will prevent Satan from approaching your heart and allow you to look to what is in the kingdom of the heavens, and the Night of Qadr is basically the night in which some of what is contained in this kingdom is shown, and this is what is meant by Allah’s Saying:

{“Indeed, We have descended it on the Night of Qadr.”}

And whoever puts a barrier of food between his heart and his chest will have a barrier put between himself and what is shown from this kingdom, and to keep your stomach free isn’t enough to lift this barrier if your mind isn’t free from anything other than Allah – and this is the entire point.

The starting point of all this is to reduce your intake of food…”

[‘Ihya’ ‘Ulum ad-Din’; 1/303]

Ramadaan Series {Day 18} – Actions to be Done During Ramadaan

Many think that reciting the Qur’an is just during the day when fasting, however the Prophet (saw) would meet Jibreel (as) in the night. So, try to read some Qur’an at night too.

Also, remember that if you can, even if it’s only 5 minutes, pray more after tarawih prayer. A person may pray tarawih, go home and miss out on the blessed last third of the night.

Finally, do some istighfar in the time just before Fajr as this was the practice of the Sahaaba and the righteous of the past.