Important Points About Saying لا حول و لا قوت الا بالله

  • It’s shortened known as the hawqala.
  • “Hawl” means movement and “quwwah” means strength.
  • Ibn Abbas (ra) said that it means we have no power to act obediently except by Allah, nor do we have strength to leave a sin except by Allah.
  • There are 5 ways of saying it as mentioned by ibn Malik (rh), the great scholar of language
  • The Prophet (saw) said to Abu Moosa Al-Ash‘ari: “Should I guide you to a word which is one of the treasures of Paradise?” He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet (saw) said, “La hawla wala quwwata illa billaah.”
  • [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]

Al Nawawi (rh) mentions that the word “treasures” here means the reward in Jannah. Ibn Hajr (rh) said that it’s a reward stored for its companion.

  • Saying it shows one’s trust in Allah with ikhlaas.
  • It obligates the help of Allah.
  • It shows one’s belief in Qadar.

It should be said seeking assistance and not as a statement of sadness, in calamities and it shouldn’t be said with despair.

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Not Being Alone with a Juvenile

One of the earlier scholars said, “I do not fear a beast of prey when attacking a devout young man. I just fear a juvenile when sitting with him.” More than that he said, ‘A man should not sleep with a juvenile together.” It is unlawful for a man as scholars argued, to stay alone with a juvenile in a house, a shop or a bathroom as in the case of men and women.

Among juveniles are those who may be more beautiful than women. He may be most fascinating. It is easy to justify what you do of evil with him than is with a woman. Therefore, such deep feelings are most likely unlawful.

Numerous maxims of the early Muslims were postulated as warnings from keeping near of them.

Once, Sufyan Ath- Thawri entered a public bath and a handsome boy entered after him. Sufyan said, “Get him out because when ever I see a woman I see a Devil but whenever I see a handsome boy I see a group of devils.”

A man visited Imam Ahmad (rh) accompanied with a handsome boy. Imam Ahmad said, “Who is that?” The man replied, “My nephew.” Imam Ahmad said, “Do not come again with him. Nor should you walk with him lest the people who do not know you think something bad about you.

The Ranks of The Righteous Forefathers in Night Prayer

Ibn al Jawzi (rh) said: Know that the righteous forefathers were in seven ranks concerning praying at night:

First rank: They would pray the whole night and some of them would pray Fajr with the ablution of ‘Ishâ`.

Second rank: Some would pray half the night.

Third rank: They would pray third of the night, the prophet (prayer and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The most beloved prayer to Allah is the prayer of Dawûd (as): He would sleep half the night, pray third of it and sleep sixth of it.” (Agreed upon)

Fourth rank: some would pray a sixth or fifth of the night.

Fifth rank: They would not consider certain timings, except they would pray until they feel sleepy, so they would sleep, but if they conscious again they will continue praying.

Sixth rank: Some would pray from the night four or two Rak’as.

Seventh rank: people who would pray between Maghrib and ‘Ishâ`, then pray in the last part of night, hence combining the two edges of night.

In Sahih Muslim it was reported that the Prophet (prayer and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “In the night there is an hour, no Muslim would match it with asking Allah good from this worldly life or the Hereafter, except He will give him it and that would be every night.”

(Reported by Muslim 757)

Those Allah Will Not Speak to Nor Absolve on the Day of Resurrection

The Messenger of Allah (saw) observed: “Three (are the persons) with whom Allah would neither speak, nor would He absolve them on the Day of Resurrection.

Abu Mu’awiya added: He would not look at them and there is grievous torment for them: the aged adulterer, the liar king and the proud destitute.”

(Muslim)

When it is Disliked to Give Salaam

Ash Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Qawee al Mardaaee stated in Mandhoomat al-Adab:

  • It is disliked to extend the Salaam to the one who is occupied with Dhikr, Quran or the Speech of Muhammad (saw).
  • The one delivering a sermon, a lesson and those engaged in knowledge based research or preaching to benefit the adherers to monotheism.
  • Likewise, the one who is reviewing Fiqh, as well as the caller for the prayer, and one who is praying as well as the one who is engaged in purification to perform an act of worship.
  • Do not speak to the one who is eating or using the bathroom.

Ash Shaykh Saaleh al Fawzaan– may Allah preserve him – comments:

These are the instances where extending the Salaam is disliked;

The First: It is disliked to extend the Salaam to someone who is speaking, because he is occupied with speaking to someone else.

The Second: “One who is busy with Dhikr (verbal remembrance of Allah)” such as Tasbeeh (SubhanAllah), Tahleel (La Ilaha Ilallah) and the recital of the Qur’an.

The Third: One who is busy with the speech (Hadeeth) of Muhammad (saw).

The Fourth: Extending the Salaam to one who is giving a Khutbah (a public speech), with the exception of the Jum’ah (Friday) Khutbah, for it is prohibited to speak during it; it is prohibited to extend the Salaam to the Khateeb or those attending the Jum’ah prayer, this is not permissible.”

The Fifth: “and a person giving a lesson” one who is giving a lesson in Qur’an, Hadeeth, Fiqh or Arabic grammar, do not extend the Salaam to the teacher. Some people come to a circle of knowledge while the class is being taught and extend the Salaam with a raised voice. This is disliked, because it distracts the teacher and those sitting and listening, as they would now give their attention to the new comer.

The Sixth: “those who are engaged in knowledge based research” One who is researching a specific knowledge based issue, do not extend the Salaam to him and interrupt his research.

The Seventh: “one who is preaching” Whoever is delivering a sermon to people, do not extend the Salaam to him. If you arrive, sit and listen to the sermon, do not extend the Salaam because you will distract the one giving the sermon as well as the listeners.

The Eighth: “One who is reviewing Fiqh”; the one who is studying Fiqh.

The Ninth: “The Mu-adhin” If he is calling to the prayer do not extend the Salaam to him because you will interrupt the Adhaan for him.

The Tenth: “one who is praying” If you arrive and there is a person praying, do not extend the Salaam to him until he finishes his prayer.

It is narrated that one of the companions extended the Salaam to the Prophet (saw) while he was praying, and he responded by indicating with his hand. So, if a person extends the Salaam to you while you are praying, then respond by indication with your hand.

The Eleventh: “one who is engaged in purification” Do not extend the Salaam to one who is performing ablution until he is done.

As for the one who is bathing without the intention for ‘Ibaadah (i.e. performing Ghusl), such as the one bathing to cool down or for cleanliness, then there is no problem with extending the Salaam.

The Twelfth: Likewise, it is not legislated to extend the Salaam to one who is eating.

The Thirteenth: “one who is using the bathroom” This is more severe; one who is defecating or urinating, do not extend the Salaam while he is relieving himself. This is because it is disliked for the person who is relieving himself to speak, so do not extend the Salaam.

Begin to act upon the above.

Night Prayer in the Qur`an

Allah Almighty said: {Their sides forsake their beds…} [Surat As Sajdah 32:16]

{تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ] {السَّجدة: 16]

Transliteration: Tatajāfá Junūbuhum `Ani Al-Mađāji`

Mujahid and Al-Hassan said: “It means night prayer”.

Ibn Katheer (rh) said in his interpretation: “That means night prayer, leaving sleep and rest on comfortable beds”.

Abdul Haqq Al-Ishbili said: “Those who their sides repel from their beds, where it doesn’t rest on it nor be fixed from their fear of the warning and in hope for what they were promised”.

A Statement about Lowering Our Gaze

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Looking is the origin of most of the problems that befall man, because looking generates thoughts, then thoughts generate ideas, and ideas generate desires, and desires generate will, which then becomes stronger and becomes firm resolve, in which case the deed will inevitably be done unless there is something to prevent it. Hence it was said that patience in lowering the gaze is easier than patience in bearing the pain that comes afterwards.