Seerah of the Prophet (saw) [STRUCTURED LESSONS]

INTRODUCTION

Poem Title: Al Arjoozah al Me’iyah

Author: ‘Alee ibn ‘Alee ibn Muhammad ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafee, student of hafidh Ibn Katheer (rh).

Purpose: To highlight the main points of the life of the Prophet (saw) and how we can benefit and implement them into our lives.

Benefit of This Poem: The poem is in chronological order of events.

Benefits of Learning the Seerah

  1. It tells us everything about his (saw) life, manners and character.
  2. It ingrains love in our hearts for the Prophet (saw).
  3. It increases our emaan when we see how his (saw) relationship was with Allah.

Unique Points of The Seerah

  1. Everything in the life of the Prophet (saw) was recorded. We know everything about him (saw).
  2. The Prophet (saw) was sent to the whole of mankind.
  3. He (saw) didn’t spend his entire life with those whom he loved, yet he didn’t have anything bad recorded against him (saw).
  4. He (saw) was complete; the perfect man.
  5. He (saw) was the same at all times; he wouldn’t be different indoors compared to outdoors.
  6. His (saw) Seerah wasn’t only about miracles. Had it been so, we wouldn’t have been able to follow him (saw).

How Was the World During the Time of the Prophet (saw)?

There Were Many Different Empires

Roman Empire:

The Romans were the superpower of the world at that time.

Their Emperors were living a very luxurious life and their people were living poorly.

Persian Empire:

Their leaders were almost worshipped.

Side Point: As the scholars of the past would say, read history as there are lessons in history. One can benefit his entire life by reading the history of the past.

Europe:

They were going through the dark ages. It was a dirty place and there was no development. Women were disrespected and despised. Europe was behind the rest of the world.

Arabia:

Known to worship everything; graves, Prophets, animals, dates.

With regards to their shirk, Amr ibn al Hay al Khuzaaie brought shirk to the land. The people were initially close to the religion of Ibrahim (as).

He went on a trip to Syria and saw people were worshipping idols. He was amazed by what they were doing as Syria was known to be the land of the Prophets and scriptures. So, he brought an idol back with him called Hubul. He placed it in the middle of the Ka’bah and told people to come and worship this idol. After this, the shirk spread and they started to introduce new idols.

India:

In India, the soothsayers had a lot of sway in society and there was a caste system. In this caste system, the people known as the Brahmans were the best caste. After them it was soldiers, farmers, business men and slaves. The lowest caste wasn’t even allowed to touch the highest caste.

Virtues Related to the Prophet (saw)

The Prophet (saw) was asked about The Hour (Yawmul Qiyaamah). The Prophet (saw) said, what have you prepared? The man replied, I have nothing except I love Allah and His Messenger (saw). So, the Prophet (saw) said, you will be with those whom you love.

  • This shows the gentleness of the Prophet (saw). He (saw) was always positive.

Anas (ra) commented on this and said, we have never been happier after we heard this narration.

The reason is because he said I love the Prophet (saw), Abu Bakr (ra), ‘Umar (ra) and due to my love for them, I hope I will be with them, even though my deeds are not similar to theirs.

He (saw) had a huge responsibility. The first Prophet to be sent to the entire mankind. This is why it was allowed for him (saw) to have so many wives as he spent so much time with them and from them we learn so much about him (saw).

He (saw) was never asked something except that he (saw) gave it.

  • In the Battle of Badr the Sahaabah used to use him (saw) as protection. This has been authenticated by Ibn Taymiyyah (rh).
  • He (saw) wanted to forgive Abdullah ibn Ubay, the head of the munaafiqoon, when he slandered his wife A’isha (ra).
  • He (saw) never spoke evil, even about food, as A’isha (ra) mentions. If he didn’t like a particular type of food, he didn’t criticise it and left it.

Line 1

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All praise is for Allaah, The Eternal, The Maker;

followed by His salaah upon the chosen one.

Author starts by praising Allah.

  • Al Qadeem: One that has none before Him. This is not from the names of Allah.
  • Al Baari: The Creator who created when there was nothing. The Originator.
  • As Salaah: Praising of the Prophet (saw) by Allah in the company of the highest of angels.
  • Mukhtaari: The chosen one. The Prophet (saw) was chosen by Allah as the khaatabi nabieen.

Line 2

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Here is the Messenger’s biography

in poem form with succinct sections.

Whenever you see “Wa ba’du”  this means movement from one topic to another. Some people claim that Dawood (as) was given this.

Seerah:

Linguistically: A way. Something good or bad.

Shari’ah: It is knowing about the Prophet (saw) from the day he was born till the day he died.


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His birth was on the tenth of the distinguished month,

Rabee‘ al-Awwal, in the year of the elephant.

This line is talking about the birth of the Prophet (saw). Ulema say that his birth was on the 10th of Rabee al-Awwal in the Year of The Elephant. This is approximately 20th April.

  • At this time, they didn’t have calendars so they remembered the year by events.

This was the year when Abrahah tried to come and destroy the Ka’bah, as the Makkans urinated in a building that he made that was to compete with the Ka’bah.

The following incident is mentioned in Surah Feel of the Holy Quran and it happened during the period of the birth-year of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Abraha Al-Ashram was the governor of Yemen on behalf of the king of Ethiopia. He (Abrahah) thought to build a house (like the Ka’bah at Makkah) in Sana (the capital of Yemen) and call the Arabs to perform the pilgrimage there in Sana instead of the Kaaba in Makkah, with the intention of diverting the trade and benefits from Makkah to Yemen. He presented his idea to the king of Ethiopia who agreed to it.

 So, the house (church) was built and he named it Al-Qullais; there was no church of its like at that time. Then a man from the Quraish tribe of Makkah came there and was infuriated by it, so he relieved his nature (stools and urine) in it, soiled its walls and went away. When Abrahah Al-Ashram saw that, he could not control his anger and raised an army to invade Makkah and demolish the Ka’bah. He had in that army thirteen elephants and amongst them was an elephant called Mahmud which was the biggest of them. So that army proceeded and none amongst the Arab tribes that faced them (fought against them) but was killed and defeated, till it approached near Makkah.

 Then there took place negotiations between Abrahah Al-Ashram and the chief of Makkah (Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim, the grandfather of the Prophet), and it was concluded that Abrahah would restore the camels of Abdul Muttalib which he had taken away, and then he (Abrahah) would decide himself as regards the Ka’bah. Abdul Muttalib ordered the men of Makkah to evacuate the city and go to the top of the mountains along with their wives and children in case some harm should come to them from the invading oppressors.

 Then that army moved towards Makkah till they reached valley Muhassir. While the army was marching towards Makkah, in the middle of the valley, suddenly it was overtaken by flocks of birds, flocks after flocks, air-raiding that army with small stones slightly bigger than a lentil seed. There never fell a stone on a soldier except it dissolved his flesh and burst it into pieces.

 So, they perished with a total destruction. Abrahah Al-Ashram fled away while his flesh was bursting into pieces till he died on the way (back to Yemen). Such was the victory bestowed by Allah, (the All-Majestic, All-Powerful) to the people of Makkah and such was the protection provided by Him for His House (Ka’bah in Makkah).

Benefits of Story:

Sometimes we don’t know what is good for us. We don’t know the divine wisdom behind something but we submit to it.

Just as sheep have a Lord (owner) so does this house (Ka’bah). Abdul Muttalib took the little means he had and left the rest to Allah. Allah destroyed Abrahah.

The Prophet’s (saw) Lineage Has 3 Parts

  1. Confirmed
  • Muhammad bin Abdullah
  • Abdul Muttalib (Known as Sheba)
  • Bin Haashim (Ammar)
  • Bin Abdul Manaf (Mugheera)
  • Ibn Qusay (Zayd)
  • Ibn Qilaab
  • Ibn Murra
  • Ibn Ka’ab
  • Ibn Lu’ay
  • Ibn Ghaalib
  • Ibn Fihr (was called Quraish)
  • Ibn Maalik
  • Ibn an Nathar
  • Ibn Kinaana
  • Ibn Khuzaymah
  • Ibn Mudrika
  • Ibn Ilyas
  • Ibn Mudar
  • Ibn Nadhar
  • Ibn Mu’ad
  • Ibn Adnan (Father of the Arabs)
  1. Some inconsistencies and differences. Goes from Adnan to Ibrahim (as).

3. Highly doubted. Goes from Ibrahim (as) to Aadam (as).


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However, the common view is that it was the twelfth,

on a Monday at the break of dawn,

The author mentions the most famous view of the birth of the Prophet (saw) as being the 12th on a Monday. There is no disagreement on the day. However, with regards to the date, there is no clear-cut evidence for this. This shows that it is not something important for us to know.

Ibn Kathir (rh) mentions the night the Prophet (saw) was born. The Rabies and Priests noticed it was a special night by a special star in the sky and they said it is the night of Ahmad. Some of them were awaiting him (saw).

When he (saw) was in his mother’s womb there was a light coming from his (saw) mother’s stomach that was glowing to Shaam. This was mentioned by his (saw) mother.

Regarding Mondays:

  • Hadith about the Prophet (saw) fasting on Mondays
  • The Prophet (saw) was born and died on this day
  • He (saw) reached Medina
  • The fath of Mecca
  • Abu Bakr (ra) died

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Corresponding to the twentieth of April.

Prior to that, his father passed away.

Before the Prophet (saw) was born, his father died (there is a difference of opinion in this). Some say he (saw) was born and then his father died. The strongest view appears to be that his father died before he (saw) was born. This is a complete type of orphanage.

  • This shows an orphan can reach the highest of levels.

Other Orphans:

  • Ibn Hajar (rh)
  • Imam Shaafi’ee (rh)
  • Imam Bukhari (rh)

We also learn from this that the best way a person helps his family is by doing good deeds.

  • Sa’id Ibn Musayyib was asked by his son, why are you doing good deeds? He said, so Allah will take care of you when I’m gone.

Why did Khadir uncover the treasure for the orphans? Allah tells us that their father was righteous.


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Two years later he was weaned

and brought back safe and sound by his wet nurse,

When he (saw) was born, his mother Amina suckled him (saw) for a few days and then Thuwaybah suckled him (saw). She was the free slave of Abu Lahab.

  • Suckling is the right of the child.

Some narrations in Sahih Bukhari mention that Abu Lahab was given a little bit of water to drink in Jahannum because his freed slave suckled the Prophet (saw) in this dunya.

After this, Halima took the Prophet (saw), as was custom of the Arabs at that time. They would give their babies to the people of the desert. This is because it would keep the child away from the city life and away from diseases. It would toughen the child up and they would also learn the pure Arabic language.