Summary of Shama’il Muhammadiyah

Narrated by Rabī’a ibn Abu Abdul Rahman (ra):

“I heard Anas ibn Mālik describing the Prophet (saw) saying ‘He was neither too tall nor short; neither absolutely white nor brown; his hair was neither very curly nor completely straight. The Divine Revelation was revealed to him when he was forty years old. He stayed ten years in Makkah, and stayed in Madīna for ten more years. When he died, he was sixty years old and had approximately twenty grey hairs in his head and beard'”.

(Bukhari 5900 Muslim 2347)


Al -Barā ibn Āzib (ra) related:

“The Prophet (saw) was a man of medium build; he had broad shoulders; he had dense hair which reached his earlobes.

(Bukhari 3551 Muslim 2337)

Note: The length of the Prophet’s (saw) hair would change throughout his life.


Abu Hurairah (ra) narrated: “The skin tone of the Messenger of Allah (saw) was white to a degree that it seemed as if he was moulded from silver, and his hair was slightly curly”.

(Al-Jamī’ al Saghir 6471)

Note: The expression “moulded from silver” refers to the brightness and light shining from his (saw) skin.


Abdullāh ibn ‘Abbās RA narrated: “There was a space between the front teeth of the Messenger of Allah (saw)”.

(Mu’jam al- Tabaranī al Kabīr 12181)


Jābir ibn Samurah (ra) related: I saw the seal of Prophethood of Allah’s Messenger (saw) between his two shoulders. It was red raised flesh that appeared like a pigeon’s egg.”

(Tirmidhi 3643)

Note 1: The “seal” is used to certify the authenticity of his Prophethood and could also signify that he is the last Prophet, as “seal” is often used to reference the end of something.

Note 2: “Between his two shoulders” – this is an approximate location only. The seal was actually closer to the left shoulder.


Ilyā’ ibn Ahmar al Yashkurī narrated that Abū Zayd, ‘Amro ibn Akhtab al Ansārī (ra) said: “The Messenger of Allah (saw) said to me, ‘O Abū Zayd, come closer to me and rub my back.’ I began rubbing his back and I felt the seal of Prophethood.” Ilyā asked Amro (ra), “What is the seal of Prophethood?” He replied, “It was a collection of a few hairs.”

(Musnad Ahmad 20732)

Note: The seal was not just a collection of hairs. It was a piece of flesh the size of an egg and it was surrounded by a few hairs.

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