Saeed Ibn al Musayyib would say, the one who prays Maghrib and Esha in jamaat has caught Laylatul Qadr! So, strive to pray them in jamaat!
You count the amount of hours from the start of Maghrib to the start of Fajr and divide by 3. Whatever the answer, for example 4 hours, means 4 hours before the start of Fajr is the last third of the night.
This will vary throughout the year / seasons so calculate accordingly.
Based on an article by Sheikh `Abdul-Muhsin al-Qāsim.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Being regular in memorisation, not overwhelming oneself with big portions and taking it step-by-step has been the way of the scholars.
Imam az-Zuhri (rh) said, “We only gathered this knowledge with one hadith, two hadith, one issue, two issues (meaning in small amounts).”
Texts can be divided into three types:
How Much Should One Memorise?
- If it is ahadith: 3 ahadith per day
- If it is Prose: 5 lines per day
- If it is Poetry: 3 abyāt (lines) per day
How To Memorise?
- Repeat the amount that you wish to memorise 20 times. The best time for this is after Fajr.
- After `Asr or Maghrib repeat what you memorised at Fajr again 20 times.
- The next day before you move onto your new amount, revise what you learnt the day before 20 times.
- Then recite what you memorised from the beginning of the particular text until you reach your current lesson.
- After that, begin your new lesson of memorisation in the same manner.
- Repeat this method daily, until you complete the text and your memorisation becomes strong.
This is the course of action one should undertake for every text, along with maintaining the review of memorisation, reading, studying books, attending the lessons of scholars, and asking questions pertaining to the issues of knowledge.
The way to make memorisation firm and established is repetition, and there is no memorisation without repetition. This is the way of those firm in knowledge.
Abu Ishāq ash-Shīrāzi (rh) would repeat what he wanted to memorise 100 times. Al-Kayā al-Harrāsi (rh) would repeat 70 times.
The following is a story which will make it clear to you that the lack of repetition is a cause of forgetfulness:
Ibn al-Jawzi (rh) said, “al-Hasan (meaning Ibn Abi Bakr an-Naysābūri) told us a story about a jurist who would repeat his lesson many times in his house.
So an elderly woman who was in his house said to him, ‘By Allāh, even I have memorised it! (because the man was repeating so many times).’ So the man asked her to recite it to him, and so she did.
After a few days the man came back to the woman and said, ‘Recite to me that lesson’ to which she replied, ‘I did not memorise it (meaning she had forgotten).’
The man said, ‘I repeated the lesson so that I am not afflicted with that which afflicted you (i.e. forgetfulness).’”
How To Revise Texts
If a person memorises different texts covering a variety of subjects, then every month, one should revise all those texts which they have memorised, and this will make one’s memorisation firm, and facilitate quick recollection.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Abu Huraira (ra) who said: Abu’l-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “On Friday there is an hour when, if a Muslim happens to pray at that time and ask Allaah for something good, He will give it to him.”
Generally the Sahaabah viewed this to be just before Maghrib. So in the last half an hour, or however long you can commit to, even 5 minutes, supplicate and beg Allah! This is only on Fridays.
What are some of the Sunan of Jummu’ah (Friday)?
- To shower on the day of Jummu’ah if you are going to the musjid to pray
- To not talk from when the khutbah begins
- To read Surah Khaf
- Using the Miswaak
- Wearing atar
- Beautifying oneself with clean clothes. The Prophet (saw) was very particular with cleanliness. If his clothes smelt even slightly, he would change them and would smell of atar. He would also use the miswaak a lot.
- Going to the musjid early
- Sitting quietly and listening attentively to the khutba. So much to the point that the scholars have said one doesn’t need to respond to salaah which is usually waajib!
- Praying 4 Sunnah in the musjid or two at home after the fard.
- Sending lots and lots of salaat and salaam upon the Prophet (saw) as he mentioned in authentic narrations.
- Making du’a in the last half an hour or so before Maghrib which is a time du’a is accepted so supplicate profusely in that time. This is specific to Jummu’ah.
Allah knows best
Salman al-Farisi narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said:
لَا يَغْتَسِلُ رَجُلٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَيَتَطَهَّرُ مَا اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْ طُهْرٍ وَيَدَّهِنُ مِنْ دُهْنِهِ أَوْ يَمَسُّ مِنْ طِيبِ بَيْتِهِ ثُمَّ يَخْرُجُ فَلَا يُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي مَا كُتِبَ لَهُ ثُمَّ يُنْصِتُ إِذَا تَكَلَّمَ الْإِمَامُ إِلَّا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ الْأُخْرَى
“If a man takes a bath on Friday, and purifies himself as much as possible, oils his hair, applies whatever perfume available in his house, sets forth (for the mosque), does not separate two people (to make a seat for himself), performs Salat what is prescribed for him, remains silent when the Imam speaks, his sins between that Friday and the following Friday will be forgiven.”
According to the authentic narration of Aws b. Aws reported by Ahmad and Abu Dawud, the Messenger of Allah (saw), said:
مَنْ اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَغَسَّلَ ، وَبَكَّرَ وَابْتَكَرَ ، وَدَنَا وَاسْتَمَعَ وَأَنْصَتَ ، كَانَ لَهُ بِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ يَخْطُوهَا أَجْرُ سَنَةٍ صِيَامُهَا وَقِيَامُهَا
“Whoever does ghusl on Friday and washes his head, and sets out early, and comes close to the imam and listens and keeps quiet, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.”
Mind blowing narrations. The second is for those that are married and have relations with their wives as mentioned by many scholars.
It is said in Zaad al-Ma’aad, 1/285:
“Causes (his wife) to do ghusl” means has intercourse with his wife. This is is how it was interpreted by Wakee’.
What about du’a made between the two khutbas?
Some of the ulema have accepted this as one of the accepted times for du’as on Fridays.