Abu Hurayrah (ra) narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “When he enters the mosque, he is in a state of prayer so long as the prayer is what is keeping him there, and the angels send blessings on any one of you so long as he remains in the place where he prayed, saying, ‘O Allaah, forgive him, O Allaah, have mercy on him…’”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (477) and Muslim (649)
The following Hadeeth was narrated by Muslim (438) from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri: that the Messenger of Allaah (saw) saw some of his (saw) Companions falling back (in the rows for prayer) and he (saw) said to them: “Come forward and follow me (in prayer) and let those who come after you follow you. People will persist in falling back until Allaah puts them back.”
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (ra) said concerning the meaning of this Hadeeth:
There is a fear that if a person gets used to falling back in worship, he will be punished by Allaah by putting him back with regard to all good things.
From Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 13/54
Al-Shawkaani (rh) said in Nayl al-Awtaar:
It was said that this is about the hypocrites, but the apparent meaning is that it is general and refers both to them and to others, and that it encourages worshippers to be keen to be in the front row and to put them off hanging back from the front row.
عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ إِنَّكَ لَنْ تَدَعَ شَيْئًا لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَّا بَدَّلَكَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مَا هُوَ خَيْرٌ لَكَ مِنْهُ
Abu Qatadah (ra) reported: The Prophet (saw), said, “Verily, you will never leave anything for the sake of Allah the Exalted except that Allah will replace it with something better.”
Grade: Sahih (authentic)
The word او which is translated as “or” in the English language can have three meanings:
ادراك بمعنى بل realisation
So, in the Hadith of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم
كن في الدنياء كأنك غريب او عابر السبيل
the او here doesn’t mean “or” rather it means a realisation. For example, when you say something then realise there’s something else better than it.
The most severely tested among mankind are the Prophets, then the next best and the next best. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When I fall ill, my pain is equivalent to the pain of two men among you.”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5648)
- It’s shortened known as the hawqala.
- “Hawl” means movement and “quwwah” means strength.
- Ibn Abbas (ra) said that it means we have no power to act obediently except by Allah, nor do we have strength to leave a sin except by Allah.
- There are 5 ways of saying it as mentioned by ibn Malik (rh), the great scholar of language
- The Prophet (saw) said to Abu Moosa Al-Ash‘ari: “Should I guide you to a word which is one of the treasures of Paradise?” He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet (saw) said, “La hawla wala quwwata illa billaah.”
- [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
Al Nawawi (rh) mentions that the word “treasures” here means the reward in Jannah. Ibn Hajr (rh) said that it’s a reward stored for its companion.
- Saying it shows one’s trust in Allah with ikhlaas.
- It obligates the help of Allah.
- It shows one’s belief in Qadar.
It should be said seeking assistance and not as a statement of sadness, in calamities and it shouldn’t be said with despair.
‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (saw) used to supplicate:
اللّهُمَّ ، إِنًّى أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ زَوَالِ نِعْمَتِكً ، وَتَحَوُّلِ عَافِيَتَكَ ، وَفُجَاءَةِ نِقْمَتِكَ ، وَجَمِيعِ سَخَطِكَ
Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min zawali ni’matika, wa tahawwuli ‘afiyatika, wa fuja’ati niqmatika, wa jami’i sakhatika
O Allah! I seek refuge in You against the declining of Your Favours, passing of safety, the suddenness of Your punishment and all that which displeases You.”