10 Points on the Day of ‘Arafah

The day of ‘Arafah is the most important day for a Haji. Whilst only a select few of the Ummah are chosen by Allah to physically be on the plains of ‘Arafat on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, there are several virtues and deeds mentioned regarding the day of ‘Arafah which apply to those afar as well. Here are ten of them:

*VIRTUES OF THE DAY*

*1* The day of ‘Arafah is one of the *best days of the year*, Anas رضي الله عنه says:
“The day of ‘Arafah equals 10, 000 days in virtue.” [1]

*2* “On the day of Arafah, Allah *frees from Jahannam* even those who are not physically in Arafah. Therefore, the next day is ‘Eid for all.” [2]

*3* The Day of ‘Arafah has also been labelled as *“Yawmul Eid”* by ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) as it’s the day in which Allah announced the perfection of Islam. [3]

*DEEDS FOR THIS DAY*

*4* DO:

i. Fast
ii. Recite dhikr in abundance
iii. Excessive Du’a
iv. Sadaqah

*5* DON’T:

• Persist in Sin (rather, make *tawbah* -repent- from all sins)

• Be arrogant

These two types of people are deprived on this blessed day. [4]

*6*  Dhikr on the Day of ‘Arafah

Rasulullah (saw) would recite the following abundantly on the day of Arafah:

“لاإلٰه إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد بيده الخير وهو على كل شئ قدير“

La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul mulku walahul hamdu biyadihil khayru wahuwa ‘ala kuli shayin qadir [5]

*7* ‘Ali’s رضي الله عنه du’a on the Day of ‘Arafah

اللهم أعتق رَقَبَتِي مِنَ النَّار، وأَوسِعْ لِيْ مِنَ الرّزقِ الحلال، وَاصْرِفْ عني فَسَقة الجِن والإنس

Allahumma a’tiq raqabati minan nar wa awsi’li minar rizqil halal, wasrif ‘anni fasaqatil jinni wal ins

Translation: O Allah! Free me from the fire, increase my lawful sustenance, and keep away the transgressive Jin and humans from me. [6]

*8* “Fasting on the day of Arafah will *expiate the sins of the past and future year.*” [7]

*9* Rasulullah (saw) said:
“He who protects his ears, eyes and tongue on this day (Day of ‘Arafah) will be forgiven” [8]

*10* The day of ‘Arafah is the day when *Shaytan is most humiliated* (due to Allah’s extensive forgiveness). [9]

May Allah grant us all the tawfiq (ability) to practice on all the above and may He bless us with repeated opportunities of physically being on the plains of ‘Arafat.
________________________________________
1. At-Targheeb, vol. 2 pg.200 and Lataiful Ma’arif, p. 460
2. Ibn Rajab رحيم الله  in Lataiful Ma’arif, p. 482
3. Sahih Bukhari
4. Ibn Rajab رحيم الله Lataiful Ma’arif, p. 494
5. Musnad Ahmad; see Majma’uz Zawaid, vol.3 p. 252
6. Ibn Abi Dunya, see Lataiful Ma’arif, p. 494
7. Sahih Muslim
8. Musnad Ahmad with a reliable chain, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol.3 p. 251
9. Muwatta Imam Malik, Musnad Ahmad and Ibn Majah, Hadith: 3013

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The Importance of Seeking Knowledge

Some narrations about seeking knowledge in Islam:

The Prophet, may Allah praise him, said:

“When Allah wishes good for a person, He makes him understand the religion.” (al-Bukhari)

Abu Huraira (ra) reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ طَرِيقًا إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ

(Whoever travels a path in search of knowledge, Allah makes easy for him a path to Paradise).

[Source: Sahih Muslim 2699, Grade: Sahih]

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

مَنْ خَرَجَ فِي طَلَبِ الْعِلْمِ كَانَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى يَرْجِعَ

(Whoever goes out seeking knowledge is in the path of Allah until he returns).

[Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2647, Grade: Hasan]

Benefit of Reading Surah Baqarah

The Prophet (saw) said:

« اقْرَأُوا الْبَقَرَةَ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة»

Read Al-Baqarah, because in having it there is blessing, and in ignoring there is a sorrow and the sorceresses cannot contend with it.

[Sahih Muslim]

Try to read Surah Baqarah at least once a week.

The Reward for Praying Isha and Fajr in the Musjid

It is narrated from ‘Uthmaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays ‘Isha’ in congregation, it is as if he spent half the night in prayer, and whoever prays Fajr in congregation, it is as if he spent the whole night in prayer.”

[Saheeh Muslim (656)]

Signs and Cures for Arrogance

Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said that the Prophet (saw) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.”

(Muslim)

  • Arrogance is looking down on others / looking down on the truth.
  • It’s from the major sins.
  • It’s a characteristic of Shaytaan.

Signs of an Arrogant Person

  • Always expecting others to give them salaam first.
  • Never seeking advice in matters.
  • Always thinking one is right and unable to admit when one is wrong.
  • Thinks he knows everything and doesn’t need to be taught / learn anything (even though he’s never studied).
  • Remembering other’s faults and flaws but forgetting their own.
  • Constantly reminding a person of a sin they committed, even though they have repented for it!
  • Thinking one is better than others due to wealth, background, knowledge, looks and so on.

Cure for Arrogance

  1. Admit you have a problem. If a person can’t do that then they’ll never improve!
  2. Think of anytime you’ve been arrogant (sit in a room quietly and ponder) and then repent for it. Look at the list above to help you.
  3. Remember, you are competing with Allah: Mightiness and Loftiness are for Him Alone! Learn about Him!
  4. You are made from the mixing of waters, so how can someone with such a lowly beginning think so highly of themselves?!

Ramadaan Series {Day 18} – Actions to be Done During Ramadaan

Many think that reciting the Qur’an is just during the day when fasting, however the Prophet (saw) would meet Jibreel (as) in the night. So, try to read some Qur’an at night too.

Also, remember that if you can, even if it’s only 5 minutes, pray more after tarawih prayer. A person may pray tarawih, go home and miss out on the blessed last third of the night.

Finally, do some istighfar in the time just before Fajr as this was the practice of the Sahaaba and the righteous of the past.

Ramadaan Series {Day 15} – Being Generous in Ramadaan

In Saheeh al-Bukhari, in the Book of Wahyi (Revelation), Ibn ‘Abbaas is recorded as saying:

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدَ النَّاسِ، وَكَانَ أَجْوَدُ مَا يَكُونُ فِي رَمَضَانَ حِينَ يَلْقَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ، وَكَانَ يَلْقَاهُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَيُدَارِسُهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَلَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدُ بِالْخَيْرِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُرْسَلَةِ

The Messenger of Allah (saw) was the most generous of people, and he was even more generous in Ramadaan when Jibreel (as) used to meet him. Every night of Ramadaan Jibreel (as) used to come to him and the Messenger of Allah (saw) would study the Qur’an with him. So, the Messenger of Allah (saw) was more generous in giving good than the blowing wind.

[Saheeh al-Bukhari #6]

In part of his commentary on this HadeethIbn Hajr al-‘Asqalaani (rh) wrote:

قوله : ( فيدارسه القرآن ) ـ

His statement, “So he would study the Qur’an with him”.

قيل الحكمة فيه أن مدارسة القرآن تجدد له العهد بمزيد غنى النفس ، والغنى سبب الجود . والجود في الشرع إعطاء ما ينبغي لمن ينبغي ، وهو أعم من الصدقة . ـ

It is said that the wisdom in this is that studying the Qur’an refreshed his knowledge by increasing in a feeling of self-contentedness, and contentedness is a cause of generosity. And al-Jood (generosity) according to the religious terminology is: giving what is appropriate to whom it is appropriate, and this is more general than al-sadaqah.

وأيضا فرمضان موسم الخيرات ; لأن نعم الله على عباده فيه زائدة على غيره ، فكان النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يؤثر متابعة سنة الله في عباده . ـ

And also, Ramadan is a season of goodnesses, for Allah has blessed His slaves with an increase (of good) therein compared to other times, so the Prophet (saw) imitated following Allah’s Sunnah with His slaves.

And ibn Hajr also wrote:

والمرسلة أي : المطلقة يعني أنه في الإسراع بالجود أسرع من الريح ، وعبر بالمرسلة إشارة إلى دوام هبوبها بالرحمة ، وإلى عموم النفع بجوده كما تعم الريح المرسلة جميع ما تهب عليه . ـ

And “the blowing wind” – meaning: in his hastening to be generous he was swifter than the wind. And the word choice of “blowing wind” indicates the persistence of its blowing with rahmah (mercy, kindness) and the broad impact of the benefit of his generosity, just as the wind of this type (strong blowing wind) encompasses all of whatever it reaches.

ووقع عند أحمد في آخر هذا الحديث ” لا يسأل شيئا إلا أعطاه ” وثبتت هذه الزيادة في الصحيح من حديث جابر ” ما سئل رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – شيئا فقال لا ” . ـ

And the Hadeeth comes in Ahmad and elsewhere that, “he would not be asked for anything except that he would give it,” and that addition is confirmed in the Saheeh in the hadeeth of Jaabir, “The Messenger of Allah was never asked something to which he responded, ‘no’”.

وقال النووي : في الحديث فوائد : منها الحث على الجود في كل وقت ، ومنها الزيادة في رمضان وعند الاجتماع بأهل الصلاح . وفيه زيارة الصلحاء وأهل الخير ، وتكرار ذلك إذا كان المزور لا يكرهه ، واستحباب الإكثار من القراءة في رمضان وكونها أفضل [ ص: 42 ] من سائر الأذكار ، إذ لو كان الذكر أفضل أو مساويا لفعلاه . فإن قيل : المقصود تجويد الحفظ ، قلنا الحفظ كان حاصلا ، والزيادة فيه تحصل ببعض المجالس ، وأنه يجوز أن يقال رمضان من غير إضافة وغير ذلك مما يظهر بالتأمل . ـ

And al-Nawawi (rh) said: In this Hadeeth there are a number of benefits:

-Encouragement to be generous at all times.

-Increasing in gatherings with righteous people during Ramadaan.

-Visiting the righteous people and the people of goodness, and this is emphasised if the one being visited does not mind that.

-The recommended nature of increasing in reciting the Qur’an during Ramadan and its being more virtuous than the rest of the forms of dhikr, for if dhikr had been more virtuous or equal in virtue, then he would have done that.

-And if it is said that the intended purpose [of studying the Qur’an with Jibreel (as)] was improving (his) memorisation, then we say that his memorisation was already achieved, and increasing in reciting is achieved through some gatherings.

-And that it is permitted to refer to Ramadaan without saying ‘shahr Ramadan‘ [the month of Ramadan’], as well as other benefits which would present themselves with reflection. [end quote from al-Nawawi]