Ten Pieces of Advice from Surah Al-Hujurat

*Oh you who believe*

  1. Verify – تبينوا
  2. Reconcile & make peace – أصلحوا
  3. Fear Allāh – اتقوا الله
  4. Be equitable – أقسطوا
  5. Don’t scoff – لا يسخر
  6. Don’t defame – لا تلمزوا
  7. Don’t insult – لا تنابزوا
  8. Avoid suspicion – اجتنبوا كثيرا من الظن
  9. Don’t spy – لا تجسّسوا
  10. Don’t backbite – لا يغتب

These ten points are taken from Sūrah Al-Hujurāt.

The entire Chapter is only 18 Verses.

Make an effort to read, memorise, understand and most importantly implement the great advice from this beautiful Chapter of the Qur’an.

May Allah forgive us for our shortcomings and allow us to act upon these statements. Ameen.

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What to do on the Day of ‘Arafah

Imam Nawawi (rh) mentions in his book “al Adkhar” page 333, that the day of ‘Arafah is the best day of the year for du’a. So, a person should free themselves up and increase in making du’a, doing dhikr and reading Qur’an. One should make du’a with many different types of supplication and many different types of dhikr.

One should make du’a for themselves, their parents, those close to them from their family, their teachers, their companions, their friends, those whom they love, whoever has done good for them and for all the Muslims.

They should also take extra precautions of falling short in any of these as this day isn’t something to be missed out on and it can’t be made up.

Actions To Be Done In The First Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah

The first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah are the best days of the entire year, so actions you can do are:

  • Intend good in everything you do
  • Fast
  • Give sadaqa (Charity)
  • Do a sacrifice (Udhiya)
  • Read more Qur’an
  • Make sure you fast the day of Arafah
  • Recite takbeer. The most authentic of which is that which was narrated by ‘Abd al-Razzaaq with a Sahih isnad (chain) from Salmaan who said, ‘Proclaim Allah’s greatness: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar kabeeraa.”
  • Do lots of dhikr
  • Make lots of du’a.

The good deeds during these days isn’t restricted to fasting only (other than the day of Arafat), so do that which is easy for you; spending time with parents, visiting the sick.

It is extremely important to work on our obligations to Allah first. When we hear of virtuous times of the year we automatically think of increasing our optional actions.

Let’s master our obligations first; praying our fard salaah with total humbleness and submission, working on removing jealousy and hatred from our hearts, avoiding being arrogant.

Children Memorising the Qur’an

Hifdh al Quran is a noble act and if a child finishes it before puberty then that’s excellent, but if they hit puberty, they’re going to be held accountable for everything they memorise.

It’s better to have a child who has excellent manners and character, and memorising slowly with love of the deen, than someone who spends every living second memorising the Qur’an and spends no time on their manners and character.

This is not belittling memorising the Qur’an, but it’s been seen many times that a student lies and backbites and so on as he’s not understood the true value of a haafidh. This is a huge problem!

Ramadaan Series {Day 15} – Being Generous in Ramadaan

In Saheeh al-Bukhari, in the Book of Wahyi (Revelation), Ibn ‘Abbaas is recorded as saying:

كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدَ النَّاسِ، وَكَانَ أَجْوَدُ مَا يَكُونُ فِي رَمَضَانَ حِينَ يَلْقَاهُ جِبْرِيلُ، وَكَانَ يَلْقَاهُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَيُدَارِسُهُ الْقُرْآنَ، فَلَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَجْوَدُ بِالْخَيْرِ مِنَ الرِّيحِ الْمُرْسَلَةِ

The Messenger of Allah (saw) was the most generous of people, and he was even more generous in Ramadaan when Jibreel (as) used to meet him. Every night of Ramadaan Jibreel (as) used to come to him and the Messenger of Allah (saw) would study the Qur’an with him. So, the Messenger of Allah (saw) was more generous in giving good than the blowing wind.

[Saheeh al-Bukhari #6]

In part of his commentary on this HadeethIbn Hajr al-‘Asqalaani (rh) wrote:

قوله : ( فيدارسه القرآن ) ـ

His statement, “So he would study the Qur’an with him”.

قيل الحكمة فيه أن مدارسة القرآن تجدد له العهد بمزيد غنى النفس ، والغنى سبب الجود . والجود في الشرع إعطاء ما ينبغي لمن ينبغي ، وهو أعم من الصدقة . ـ

It is said that the wisdom in this is that studying the Qur’an refreshed his knowledge by increasing in a feeling of self-contentedness, and contentedness is a cause of generosity. And al-Jood (generosity) according to the religious terminology is: giving what is appropriate to whom it is appropriate, and this is more general than al-sadaqah.

وأيضا فرمضان موسم الخيرات ; لأن نعم الله على عباده فيه زائدة على غيره ، فكان النبي – صلى الله عليه وسلم – يؤثر متابعة سنة الله في عباده . ـ

And also, Ramadan is a season of goodnesses, for Allah has blessed His slaves with an increase (of good) therein compared to other times, so the Prophet (saw) imitated following Allah’s Sunnah with His slaves.

And ibn Hajr also wrote:

والمرسلة أي : المطلقة يعني أنه في الإسراع بالجود أسرع من الريح ، وعبر بالمرسلة إشارة إلى دوام هبوبها بالرحمة ، وإلى عموم النفع بجوده كما تعم الريح المرسلة جميع ما تهب عليه . ـ

And “the blowing wind” – meaning: in his hastening to be generous he was swifter than the wind. And the word choice of “blowing wind” indicates the persistence of its blowing with rahmah (mercy, kindness) and the broad impact of the benefit of his generosity, just as the wind of this type (strong blowing wind) encompasses all of whatever it reaches.

ووقع عند أحمد في آخر هذا الحديث ” لا يسأل شيئا إلا أعطاه ” وثبتت هذه الزيادة في الصحيح من حديث جابر ” ما سئل رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – شيئا فقال لا ” . ـ

And the Hadeeth comes in Ahmad and elsewhere that, “he would not be asked for anything except that he would give it,” and that addition is confirmed in the Saheeh in the hadeeth of Jaabir, “The Messenger of Allah was never asked something to which he responded, ‘no’”.

وقال النووي : في الحديث فوائد : منها الحث على الجود في كل وقت ، ومنها الزيادة في رمضان وعند الاجتماع بأهل الصلاح . وفيه زيارة الصلحاء وأهل الخير ، وتكرار ذلك إذا كان المزور لا يكرهه ، واستحباب الإكثار من القراءة في رمضان وكونها أفضل [ ص: 42 ] من سائر الأذكار ، إذ لو كان الذكر أفضل أو مساويا لفعلاه . فإن قيل : المقصود تجويد الحفظ ، قلنا الحفظ كان حاصلا ، والزيادة فيه تحصل ببعض المجالس ، وأنه يجوز أن يقال رمضان من غير إضافة وغير ذلك مما يظهر بالتأمل . ـ

And al-Nawawi (rh) said: In this Hadeeth there are a number of benefits:

-Encouragement to be generous at all times.

-Increasing in gatherings with righteous people during Ramadaan.

-Visiting the righteous people and the people of goodness, and this is emphasised if the one being visited does not mind that.

-The recommended nature of increasing in reciting the Qur’an during Ramadan and its being more virtuous than the rest of the forms of dhikr, for if dhikr had been more virtuous or equal in virtue, then he would have done that.

-And if it is said that the intended purpose [of studying the Qur’an with Jibreel (as)] was improving (his) memorisation, then we say that his memorisation was already achieved, and increasing in reciting is achieved through some gatherings.

-And that it is permitted to refer to Ramadaan without saying ‘shahr Ramadan‘ [the month of Ramadan’], as well as other benefits which would present themselves with reflection. [end quote from al-Nawawi]

Ramadaan Series {Day 14} – Seeking Forgiveness Before Dawn

وَبِالْأَسْحَارِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ – 51:18

“And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness,”

Ibn Katheer (rh) mentioned that some would use this Aayah to show the merits of seeking forgiveness just before the start of Fajr time until Fajr time actually starts.

Imaam Qurtubi (rh) said al Hasan al Basri from the pious people of the past said the “it” means seeking forgiveness for one’s sins.

The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness, that I may forgive him?’”

[Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Try to be from those that take advantage of this time, even if it’s only 5 minutes before Fajr! And success is from Allah alone!

Ramadaan Series {Day 9} – Acts of Worship to Do During Ramadaan

Many think that reciting the Qur’an is just during the day when fasting whereas the Prophet (saw) would meet Jibreel (as) in the night. So, try to read some Qur’an at night too.

Also, remember that if you can, even if it’s only 5 minutes, pray more after tarawih. A person may pray tarawih, go home and miss out on the blessed last third of the night.

Finally, do some istighfar in the time just before fajr as this was the practice of the Sahaabah and the righteous of the past.